Before planning a visit to Nepal, it's essential to consider the following aspects:

Entry Requirements

Visas can be obtained on arrival at Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu, or at designated border entry points. Additionally, visas can be acquired at the nearest Nepal Embassy or Diplomatic Mission. Tourist visa fees vary based on the duration of stay:

a. Tourist Visa

  • Multiple entry: 15 days - US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
  • Multiple entry: 30 days - US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
  • Multiple entry: 90 days - US$ 100 or equivalent convertible currency

b. For Indian Nationals

Indian nationals do not require a visa to enter Nepal. Valid identification such as a passport, driving license with a photo, or a photo identity card issued by a government agency of India is necessary.

c. Other Information

Certain nationals need to obtain visas from Nepal Embassies or Diplomatic Missions in their countries.

d. Visa Extension

Tourists can stay for a maximum of 150 days in a visa year (Jan 1 to Dec 31).

Air Connections to Nepal

Nepal has international connections with various countries. Nepal Airlines operates flights to/from Kuala Lumpur, Dubai, Bangkok, Doha, Hong Kong, and select Indian cities. Other international airlines serving Kathmandu include Air Arabia, Air Asia, Air China, Biman Bangladesh, China Eastern Airlines, Qatar Airways, and more.

Traveling by Road

Visitors entering Nepal by land must have a valid passport and visa. Designated entry points are Kakkarvitta, Birgunj, Belhiya, Bhairahawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi, Mahendranagar, and Kodari.

Driving into Nepal

Overland tourists with vehicles must possess an international carnet and complete customs formalities.

Foreign Currency Encashment and Credit Cards

Foreign currency and traveler's cheques can be converted at authorized banks or money changers. Major currencies like Euro, Pound-Sterling, and US Dollar are widely accepted. Credit cards such as American Express, Mastercard, and Visa are commonly used.

Business Hours

Government offices are open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. (Sun-Thu in summer, Sun-Fri in winter). Most businesses, including travel agencies, operate from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. (Sun-Fri).


Telephone Services

Landline and mobile phone services are available. Nepal Telecommunications Corporation and private providers like Ncell offer services. To call Nepal from abroad: 00 + country code (977) + city code + telephone number.

Internet Services

Internet is accessible through cafes, communication centers, and Wi-Fi at hotels and restaurants.

Postal Services

The Central Post Office in Kathmandu is open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. (Sun-Fri). Express Mail Service (EMS) is available at various locations.


Major towns have electricity (220 volts, 50 cycles). Load shedding during the dry season is scheduled, but many hotels have uninterrupted power supply.

Health Guide

Kathmandu Valley has sound healthcare services. Travel insurance covering medical treatment is recommended. A basic medical kit is advised.

Useful Tips

  • A travel insurance policy covering medical treatment is recommended.
  • Ensure insurance covers activities like trekking.
  • Special vaccinations are not necessary.
  • Consult a physician for advice.
  • Be aware of food and water safety.
  • Stay prepared for altitude-related challenges.


Exchange Rates and Banking Hours

Major currencies are widely accepted. Banks and money changers provide currency exchange services. ATM facilities are available in major cities.

Purchase of Goods

Foreign exchange is accepted in shops against credit cards, bank drafts, or traveler's cheques. Tourists can take goods purchased in Nepal without any value limit.

Restaurants and Food in Nepal

Nepal offers diverse cuisine, including daal bhaat, Newar dishes, Indian curries, Tibetan momo, and more. Vegetarian options are widely available.

Road Food

Common road food includes pakora, bean curry, dahi chiura, samosas, and packet noodles.

Overall, Nepal provides a rich cultural and culinary experience for visitors, and adequate preparations enhance the travel experience.


Nepal offers a wide range of accommodation options to suit various preferences and budgets. In major cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara, you can find luxury hotels, boutique guesthouses, and budget-friendly lodges. In popular trekking regions, teahouses provide a unique and immersive experience for trekkers. It's advisable to book accommodation in advance during peak trekking seasons.

Cultural Etiquette

Respect for local customs and traditions is crucial. When visiting religious sites, dress modestly, remove your shoes, and adhere to any specific guidelines provided. Seek permission before taking photographs, especially in rural areas. Greetings typically involve the traditional "Namaste" with palms pressed together. It's customary to accept and offer items with your right hand.

Safety and Security

Nepal is generally a safe destination for travelers. However, it's essential to take standard precautions. Keep your belongings secure, be cautious in crowded areas, and be aware of your surroundings. When trekking, follow the recommended routes and guidelines, and hire registered guides and porters.

Local Transportation

Within cities, you can use taxis, rickshaws, and local buses for transportation. Negotiate taxi fares beforehand, and consider using metered taxis where available. In rural areas, trekking is a common mode of transportation. Domestic flights are also available to reach remote regions quickly.

Adventure Activities

Nepal is renowned for its adventure activities, including trekking, mountaineering, white-water rafting, and paragliding. If you're engaging in such activities, ensure you are physically prepared. Trekking permits are required for many regions, and it's advisable to hire experienced guides and support staff for mountain treks.

Environmental Considerations

Respect for the environment is crucial while exploring Nepal's natural beauty. Follow the principles of "Leave No Trace," dispose of waste responsibly, and avoid damaging flora and fauna. Participate in community-based eco-tourism initiatives that promote sustainability.

Festivals and Events

Nepal celebrates numerous vibrant festivals throughout the year. Check the festival calendar before planning your trip to experience the cultural richness. Major festivals like Dashain and Tihar are celebrated with enthusiasm and can provide a unique insight into local traditions.


Nepali is the official language, but English is widely understood, especially in tourist areas. Learning a few basic Nepali phrases can enhance your interaction with locals and enrich your travel experience.

Exploring Wildlife

Nepal boasts diverse wildlife, and national parks like Chitwan and Bardia offer opportunities for jungle safaris. Respect wildlife and follow park regulations to ensure a responsible and enjoyable experience.


Nepal, with its rich cultural heritage, stunning landscapes, and warm hospitality, offers a unique and unforgettable travel experience. By considering these aspects and respecting local customs, you can make the most of your journey in this enchanting Himalayan nation. Whether you seek adventure, cultural exploration, or spiritual retreat, Nepal has something to offer every traveler.


Custom Formalities:

Cultural Etiquette:

Permits and Fees (Tour, Trekking and mountaineering):

Responsible Tourism:

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